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Yucatan Peninsula

ASTA IDE 2014 ~ Merida, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Cancun

Four decades ago, Cancún was a deserted island and few even knew of its existence.
Located in a nearly forgotten region of the Caribbean, it consisted of a series of sand dunes in the shape of a number “7″ -some parts of which were only 20 meters (66 ft) wide- separated from the mainland by two narrow canals that opened out on to a huge lagoon system.
The coast was comprised of marshes, mangroves, virgin jungle and unexplored beaches. Even its name was not clear: some maps called it “Kankun” (a single word written with the two “k’s”), which means “pot of snakes” or “nest of snakes” in Maya.
However, in the first Infratur documents (a government agency existing prior to the creation of Fonatur), it is written as two words, “Kan Kun,” and occasionally, “Can Cún” (in its Spanish form). The current name of “Cancún” is a natural phonetic development that facilitates pronunciation… or maybe it developed by mere chance.


Merida

Merida is the capital and largest city in Yucatan state and the cultural and financial capital of the region. It’s a modern, cosmopolitan city with museums, art galleries, restaurants, shops and boutiques. A major center of commerce, Merida Yucatan is considered the crossroads of the region and one of the most important places to experience the Mayan heritage.

Mérida was founded in 1542 by Francisco de Montejo “el Mozo” (the son), and built on the site of the ancient Maya city T’ho, meaning “city of five hills.” T’ho was the center of Mayan culture and activity in the Yucatan region. After the arrival of the Spanish, the ancient city’s five main pyramids were destroyed and their ruins used in the construction of Merida’s cathedral and other important buildings.

Merida was built as a walled city and several of the old Spanish city gates remain. The city boasts the second-largest historic center in Mexico; only Mexico City’s historic center is larger. Mérida gets its nickname, La Ciudad Blanca (The White City), from the predominance of white limestone that was used as a building material; although locals today will tell you that it also has to do with the cleanliness of the city’s streets and public areas, not to mention how safe is Merida, Mexico.


Holbox

Located to the northwest of Cancun, Mexico, Holbox Island is just 26 miles / 42 km long. Holbox is separated from the mainland coast of Mexico by a shallow lagoon which gives sanctuary to thousands of flamingos, pelicans and other exotic birds and creatures.
Most of the people of Holbox Island make their living fishing. It is common to see fishermen walking through Holbox Village with their catch of the day or carrying their nets. The streets of Holbox Island are made of white sand, common of Caribbean islands, and there are very few cars. Holbox is considered a virgin tourist destination because very few outsiders visit the island. In spite of Holbox' natural beauty, inaccessibility has left it unspoiled by mass tourism. Finding travel specials to Holbox is relatively easy
It is said that Holbox is a paradise for all those who visit and clear for its inhabitants, this is actually true, as has everything, it has sea, sand, sun, and breathtaking nature.
Among the wildlife that can be seen in this small island, birds such as gulls stand on the shore of the sea, pelicans seen a little further from the shore, on the way to get here, when traveling at dawn, you may see some flamingos very close to the island.
In its vicinity are created environments for whale shark sighting during the months from May to September, during the transfer is common to see some dolphins and turtles accompany him.


Tulum

The Maya site may formerly have been known by the name Zama, meaning City of Dawn because it faces the sunrise. Tulum stands on a bluff facing east towards the Caribbean Sea. Tulúm is also the Yucatan Mayan word for fence, wall[1] or trench, and the walls surrounding the site allowed the Tulum fort to be defended against invasions. Tulum had access to both land and sea trade routes, making it an important trade hub, especially for obsidian. From numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Diving or Descending god.[1] Tulum had an estimated population of 1,000 to 1,600 inhabitants.

Sian Ka'an

Sian Ka'an is a biosphere reserve in the municipality of Tulum in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It was established in 1986 and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

With the participation of scientists, technicians, students, fishermen, farmers, rural promotors and administrators, together with regional and international partners, have successfully carried out more than 200 conservation projects basing all conservation actions on scientific and technical information for planning and implementing environmental policies and the proposal of viable solutions for sustainable use of natural resources and focusing their efforts established within eight protected natural areas that include the reefs of Banco Chinchorro, and Xcalak at South of Quintana Roo, Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, Cancun, the island of Cozumel that is located in front of Xcaret and Contoy Island up North, covering 780,000 acres (3,200 km2).

The reserve also includes some 23 known archaeological sites of the Maya civilization[2] including Muyil.

http://www.visitsiankaan.com/

Dzitnup

Dzitnup (2 cenotes are here)
Located about 4 miles southeast of Valladolid, the two cenotes are X’Keken and Samula. Each one costa 56 pesos for foreigners, 29 pesos for Mexicans, 18 pesos for children under 13 and 24 pesos for seniors with INAPAM card. Both schedules are 8.30 to 5.30 in summer and fall and 8 to 5 in winter and spring.




Chichen-Itza

Chichen Itza which means “at the mouth of the well of Itza “, is the 2nd most visited archeological site of Mexico today. The Kukulkan Pyramid in Chichen-Itza which known as “El Castillo” (the castle), is one of the new seven wonders of the world elected in 07.07.2007. It is exactly 24 m. high considering the upper platform. Apart from the Kukulkan Pyramid, in Chichen Itza there many other archaeological sites to visit, all carrying traces from Mayan Culture in many ways.

Chichen-Itza, now including one of the new 7 wonders of the world; the Kukulkan Pyramid, is located in the Peninsula of Yucatan, in the Yucatan State; Mexico, between Valladolid and Merida and is just120 km from Merida.


Xel-Ha

http://www.xelha.com/

Xelha (Spanish: Xelh�; Yucatec Maya: Xel-H�) is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization from pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, located on the eastern coastline of the Yucat�n Peninsula, in the present-day state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. The etymology of the site's name comes from Yukatek Maya, combining the roots xel ("spring") and ha' ("water").

Xel-Ha Park (Parque Xel-H�) is a commercial aquatic theme park and self-described ecotourism development. The theme park was founded about 1980,[citation needed] and since 1995 has been under the management and marketing of an international private company, Promotora Xel-Ha S.A. de C.V., with a 30-year trust lease concession.

The park is centered around the natural inlet and lagoon, which is promoted as one of the main attractions of the park that forms with the flow of the river through rocks mixing salty waters with fresh underground water currents.

The inlet of Xel-H� is a natural aquarium where hundreds of species inhabit; such as tropical fish and an abundant flora. In the park there is also a turtle reserve, where research is constantly carried out to learn more about marine life and contribute with the ecological maintenance of the area.

A shark fence extends across the lagoon's entrance, and the public is permitted to swim and snorkel in the lagoon. Underwater the limestone has been eroded into a myriad of small caves and grottos.

Thrifty Car Rental
Confirmation Number FWCHVF
Compact Car: Nissan Tsuru or similar
Base Rate: $181.78
Approx. Total: $221.96

Booked 8/12/13

Cancun > Tulum, Coba, Xel-ha, Sian Ka'an = 30 minutes

Thrifty Car Rental
Confirmation Number FWCHVF
Compact Car: Nissan Tsuru or similar

Sian Ka'an > Merida = Approx. 7 hours

Thrifty Car Rental
Confirmation Number FWCHVF
Compact Car: Nissan Tsuru or similar

Merida > Chichen-Itza = Approx. 2 hours

Thrifty Car Rental
Confirmation Number FWCHVF
Compact Car: Nissan Tsuru or similar

Chiechen-Itza > Chiquila = Approx. 2.5 hours

Thrifty Car Rental
Confirmation Number FWCHVF
Compact Car: Nissan Tsuru or similar

Chiquila > Cancun = Approx. 3 hours

Volaris Airlines 470
Departure: Sunday, March 23, 2014
TIJ/CUN 2:30am - 7:47am

Volaris Airlines 471
Departure: Thursday, April 03, 2014
CUN/TIJ 6:00pm - 10:11pm

Confirmation Number VRQTVG

http://www.volaris.mx/en/

www.shuttletijuana.com
Important: Verify the departure times a couple of days before your flight. It's taking 45 to 50 minutes from Downtown San Diego to Tijuana's Airport.

Chichen Itza (/tʃiːˈtʃɛn iːˈtsɑː/,[1] Spanish: Chich�n Itz� [tʃiˈtʃen iˈtsa], from Yucatec Maya: Chi'ch'�en �itsha' [tɕʰɨɪʼtɕʼeːn˧˩ iː˧˩tsʰaʲ];[2] "at the mouth of the well of the Itza") was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya civilization.

Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and it was likely to have been one of the mythical great cities, or Tollans, referred to in later Mesoamerican literature.[4] The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles at the site.

The ruins of Chichen Itza are federal property, and the site�s stewardship is maintained by Mexico�s Instituto Nacional de Antropolog�a e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History). The land under the monuments had been privately owned until 29 March 2010, when it was purchased by the state of Yucat�n.[nb 1]

Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins every year.

http://www.chichenitza.com/

Coba

[table][tr][td]Coba[/td]
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[table][tr][td]The once great city of Coba, one of the most beautiful Maya ruins, is nestled in the Yucatan's thick jungle and surrounded by exquisite lakes nearby. Its name means ''water stirred by wind'' and started to become a major independent community at the time Roman legions were on their way to building an empire. The city flourished between 600-900 AD and by the end of the Classic period, it had become a major Maya city-state with a population of about 60,000 inhabitants.[/td]
[/tr]
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Coba[pronunciation?] (Cob� in the Spanish language) is a large ruined city of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization, located in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. It is located about 90 km east of the Maya site of Chichen Itza, about 40 km west of the Caribbean Sea, and 44 km northwest of the site of Tulum, with which it is connected by a modern road. The 2010 Mexican federal census reported a population of 1,278 inhabitants.

Coba is located around two lagoons. A series of elevated stone and plaster roads radiate from the central site to various smaller sites near and far. These are known by the Maya term sacbe (plural sacbeob). Some of these causeways go east to the Caribbean coast, and the longest runs over 100 kilometres (62 mi) westwards to the site of Yaxuna. The site contains several large temple pyramids, the tallest, in what is known as the Nohoch Mul group of structures, being some 42 metres (138 ft) in height. Nohoch Mul is the tallest pyramid on the Yucat�n peninsula.

Tulum (Yucatec: Tulu'um) is the site of a Pre-Columbian Maya walled city serving as a major port for Cob�.[1] The ruins are situated on 12-meter (39 ft) tall cliffs, along the east coast of the Yucat�n Peninsula on the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.[1] Tulum was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayas; it was at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying Mexico. Old World diseases brought by the Spanish settlers appear to have been the cause of its demise. One of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites, Tulum is today a popular site for tourists.

Uxmal

Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal

The Mayan town of Uxmal, in Yucatán, was founded c. A.D. 700 and had some 25,000 inhabitants. The layout of the buildings, which date from between 700 and 1000, reveals a knowledge of astronomy. The Pyramid of the Soothsayer, as the Spaniards called it, dominates the ceremonial centre, which has well-designed buildings decorated with a profusion of symbolic motifs and sculptures depicting Chaac, the god of rain. The ceremonial sites of Uxmal, Kabah, Labna and Sayil are considered the high points of Mayan art and architecture.


Ik-Kil


Ik-Kil
Located less than 2 miles from Chichen Itza. Called the “Sacred Blue Cenote”, it is a perfectly round well-type cenote with magnificent hanging vines and waterfalls. This is an ideal place for cooking off after visiting the ruins! The open cenote sits about 85 feet from the surface and a grand starway leads you down the steps into the water. Access is safe and easy.








Cuzama

Cuzama
The town of Cuzama is know for the large number of cenotes found there. Especially unique is a tour that you can do in this area where you will visit three cenotes. If you go to the haciends in Cuzama, you can hire a guide who will put you on a platform buggy pulled by horsed along interesting paths through the surrounding countryside. The main cenotes are: Chelentun (laying down rock), Chansinic’che (tree with small ants) and Bolonchoojol (nine drops of water). The Chelentun Cenote has incredibly blue and clear water with excellent visibility. Stalactite and stalagmite formations add to its unique beauty.




Zaci

Zaci
Located in the center of Valladolid, this is a popular cenote for swimming in the refreshing turquoise waters. You will see a rare species of eyeless black fish known as “lub”. A third of the cenote is covered with stalactites and stalagmites and there is a walkway around the entire cenote. There is also agreat restaurant on the property, serving many Yucatecan specialties.




Cenotillo

Cenotillo
This village gets its name from the large number of cenotes located within the town and the outskirts – more than 150, according to the locals. Ask around for a guide to take you to some of them.




Dzibichaltun

Xlacah
Located at the Mayan site of Dzibichaltun, just north of Merida, this is the closest cenote to Merida. Meaning “old viggage”, it is an open ground level cenote, great for swimming. It is more than 140 feet deep at one end. Another great place to cool off after climbing pyramids!




Kankirixche


Kankirixche
At Kankirixche (tree with yellow fruit) Cenote, you will find a large, spectacular sub-aquatic cavern with crystal clear water that allows fantastic visibility for snorkeling or scuba. You will also find stalactites and tree roots in impressive formations from the ceiling to the water. TOUR REQUIRED TO SEE THIS CENOTE.






This Map has been viewed 143 times and was created by firstclasstravel on 23.10.2013 01:44

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