Франция, официальное название Французская Республика - государство в Западной Европе. Девиз республики - "Свобода, равенство, братство», его принцип - власть народа народом и для народа. Столица - город Париж. Название страны происходит от этнонима германского племени франков, несмотря на то, что большинство населения Франции имеет смешанное галло-римского происхождения и говорит на языке романской группы.
Франция является ядерной державой и одним из пяти постоянных членов Совета Безопасности ООН. С 1950 года Франция является одним из государств, вовлеченных в создание Европейского союза.
Marsellat. Massilia, Massalia, Greek. Μασσαλία) - a town in southern France, the largest port in the country and around the Mediterranean. The administrative center of the Bouches-du-Rhone. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Lyon, near the mouth of the Rhone river, which the city is associated with the channel.
Marseilles is named in honor of the asteroid (20) Massalia, which opened in 1852.
The city is located in continental Europe, in the south-east of France in the Rhone plain, abounding in orchards and vineyards. In the west of Lyon is the Massif Central, in the east - the Alps. After Lyon transit routes from the north of France to the Mediterranean and from the east to the Atlantic. Lyon is located at the confluence of the Rhone and Saone, which is located at an altitude of 174 meters above sea level, above which rise the three hills: Fourvière (Fourvière, 299 m), Croix-Rousse (La Croix-Rousse, 250 m) and Dyusher (La Duchère) .
Язык оригинала: болгарский
Brest (French Brest, Bret. Brest) - a city in western France, sub-prefecture of Finistère department.
Population - 144 thousand inhabitants (2006).
Located on the Atlantic coast, in the extreme west of the peninsula of Brittany. The city lies on the slopes of the hills on the northern shore of the Bay of Brest.
Brest - an important commercial and military port on the Atlantic Ocean, the city is a large naval base. In the town - the final destination of the railway line.
Toulouse city in the south of France, capital of the region of South - Pyrenees and the prefecture (administrative center) of Haute-Garonne and the district of Toulouse. One of the most important cultural, scientific and industrial centers in France, the fourth in terms of population (427 thousand people, 2004) city after Paris, Marseille and Lyon. Motto - Per Tolosa totjorn mai (c.), which means "just more for Toulouse."
Lille (French Lille [lil], Picard. Lile, s.-Flam. Rysel, Netherl. Rijsel, Reysel) - the main city in the region Nord-Pas-de-Calais and the department of Nord, on the left bank of the canal Del, 14 km from the Belgian border, until recently - the center of the textile industry Frantsii.Naselenie the city - 226,000 chelovek.Starinnaya part of the city, once walled, extends north from the Boulevard of Freedom. On the south side of the boulevard - a regular modern city planning. Boulevard abuts the pentagonal fortress, designed in the late 1660s. Vauban. Among other fortifications time of Louis XIV remained only Parisian gate. The lush interior is notable for Lille temples XVII-XIX centuries, including the Cathedral of Notre-Dame-de-la-Trey.
Париж - столица Франции, важнейший экономический и культурный центр страны, расположенный в северо-центральной Франции, в регионе Иль-де-Франс на берегах реки Сены. Город расположен в центре Парижского бассейна, примерно 65 м над уровнем моря. Границы очерчены районов Парижа кольцевой дороги длиной 35 километров, Булонский лес и Венсенский лес nahodyaschixsya vostoky и к западу от города, соответственно, также связано с территории Парижа. Парижского меридиана уже давно меридиана во французских чартах. Линии Парижского меридиана отмечена сейчас ориентированы с севера на юг 135 бронзовых памятных марок на улицах, тротуарах и зданиях (shown. слева), 12 см в диаметре, с выгравированным названием Франсуа Араго, астроном и политик 19-го века . Эта линия Парижской обсерватории. Нулевой километр, из которого все дороги расстояния измеряются во Франции, расположенный на площади перед Собором Парижской Богоматери.
Strasbourg or Strasbug (elz. Strossburi, fr. Strasbourg), Shtrassburg (German Straßburg), Argentorat (Latin Argentoratum) - city in France, the historic capital of Alsace and the prefecture of the Bas-Rhin department. Situated on the River Ill, near the left (west) bank of the Rhine River, which forms the border of France and Germany, in front of the German city of Kehl. Population - 272,800 people. The city has the status of a "parliamentary capital of Europe" in 1992, as it is the seat of the Council of Europe in 1949 and the European Parliament since 1992. Strasbourg is one of the key centers of the economy north-east of France, which has the financial and banking, there are innovations in the fields of medicine and engineering (in particular the creation of a vehicle for future generations). The German name of the city, "Strasburg" (German: Straßburg) means "fortress on the road." The ancient name of the city - Argentorat, according to one version, comes from the name of the goddess of money, which the Celts worshiped, according to another version, the root of the place name "Argento" means the channel of the river, creek. The second bit of the name "rat" means a military fortification fortress. This name is consistent with the historical situation of the city on the northern borders of the Roman Empire. Strasbourg, being the capital of Alsace, border with Germany, the north-eastern region of France, located in the geographical center of Western Europe, in the industrial area of ​​the upper reaches of the Rhine from Basel to Mainz. Strasbourg is located 2.3 hours from cities such as Stuttgart, Zurich, Frankfurt-am-Main, 5-6 hours from Brussels, Paris and Toulouse (with the introduction of LGV Est high-speed train travel time from Strasbourg by rail decreased almost doubled to Paris - 2 hours to Stuttgart and Luxembourg - 1.5.) The capital of Alsace is located at an altitude of 140 m above sea level and is characterized by flat terrain, so differences in elevation in the city is very low, the highest point is in the vicinity the Cathedral and at the intersection of Grand-Rue and Fossé-des-Tanneurs, which corresponds to the most ancient sites of settlements in the hills overlooking the midst of the flooded lowlands. The city stands on the River Ill, its main artery and the left bank of the Rhine river which Ile entangled in a web of channels. Strasbourg located on one of the major reserves drinking water in Europe (about 35 billion m3). An extensive river system and the proximity of groundwater can become a cause of frequent flooding, so the construction of many areas of the city had to spend the measures to drain areas, such as pave the canal systems, drainage.
Angers mouth. Angers (Fr. Angers) - the main city of the historical region of Anjou and Maine-et-Loire department in western France. Located 300 km south-west of Paris, on the banks of the River Maine, a few miles upstream from its confluence with the inhabitants of the area were Luaru.Drevnimi gall-andekavy. The Romans in honor of Julius Caesar called the city Yuliomagom (Juliomagus). With the IX century - the capital of the county of Anjou, who from 1205 to 870 years. The first rule of Anjou dynasty, which gave the Plantagenets. It was last built a major monuments of the medieval Angers, including the castle surrounded by a moat and a hospital of St. John the Baptist, who gave today at the Archaeological Museum.
In the XV century, the city reached its zenith as the capital of "Good King Rene", but was put to fire and sword in the midst of the Hundred Years War. Until the French Revolution Angers remained the capital of the Duchy and the province of Anjou. Its historical and architectural heritage has suffered damage during the Second World War. In 1971 he was restored Angers University, which existed under King Rene.
Bordeaux (French Bordeaux [bɔʁdo], aux. Bordèu, Lat. Burdigala) - a town in south-western France, the center of the historic area of ​​Aquitaine and modern department Gironde. Located on the banks of the Garonne, known for its traditions and achievements in the field of winemaking. The population is approx. 285 thousand people. (2008). Bordeaux population is 285 thousand people. Together with numerous suburbs of the city agglomeration totals about 750,000 people making it the 5th place among the cities of France.
Puy de Sancy
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